33/Flux Job Queues
This specification describes Flux Job Queues. A Flux Job Queue is a named, user-visible container for job requests sorted by priority.
Editor: Jim Garlick <firstname.lastname@example.org>
The key words “MUST”, “MUST NOT”, “REQUIRED”, “SHALL”, “SHALL NOT”, “SHOULD”, “SHOULD NOT”, “RECOMMENDED”, “MAY”, and “OPTIONAL” in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.
Support for multiple queues is motivated by the following use cases:
Schedule “debug” and “batch” jobs independently, on disjoint or overlapping resource sets.
Allow jobs to be submitted in advance of dedicated application time, to run on a resource superset.
Impose different limits on a given resource set.
Implement a different priority scheme and/or scheduling algorithm on a given resource set.
Allow only certain users or banks to access a given resource set.
Allow for exceptions to limits and access controls.
Use cases are spelled out in more detail in https://github.com/flux-framework/flux-core/issues/4306
Handle the motivating use cases in the background section.
Minimize overhead for single-queue Flux instances, which will remain the common case for non-system instances.
Minimize disruption to the original design of Flux with a single anonymous queue.
Elevate named queues to a first class abstraction in Flux.
Promote a separation of concerns among Flux components such as scheduler, job manager, accounting plugins, and Flux command line utilities.
Avoid overloading the queue abstraction. For example, a new queue should not be required merely to affect job priority or bypass limits (e.g. “standby”, “expedite”, or “exempt” queues).
A Flux Job Queue is a user-visible container for job requests stored in priority order.
Queue configuration is OPTIONAL. If queues are not configured, the Flux
instance SHALL have one anonymous queue. If queues are configured, then
all queues SHALL be named. If more than one named queue is configured,
one queue MUST be designated as the default queue by configuring
policy.jobspec.defaults.system.queue (see below).
Queues MAY be independently configured with:
jobspec defaults policy
policy TOML table MAY specify queue policy that applies to all queues,
including the anonymous one, unless overridden on a per-queue basis. This
table contains OPTIONAL sub-tables for
Each queue MAY contain a
policy table. If present, queue-specific policy
values SHALL override global policy values.
Jobspec Defaults Policy
jobspec.defaults policy table contains default values for jobspec
attributes that were not explicitly set by the user and MAY contain following
OPTIONAL keys. The key names are identical to the corresponding jobspec
attribute names (RFC 14, 25).
(string) default duration, in Flux Standard Duration format (RFC 23).
(string) default queue name.
Jobspec updates are applied to the in-memory copy of the jobspec held
by the job manager. The in-memory copy is also sent to the scheduler with
alloc request. The original jobspec in the KVS (both signed
and unsigned) is unaltered. Since jobspec modifications are posted to the
job eventlog as
jobspec-update events (RFC 21), the altered jobspec
may by reconstructed by fetching the original jobspec, then replaying any
The limits policy table configures job limits and MAY contain the following OPTIONAL keys.
(integer) maximum number of nodes.
(integer) maximum number of cores.
(integer) maximum number of gpus.
(integer) minimum number of nodes.
(string) maximum job duration, in Flux Standard Duration format (RFC 23).
A general mechanism for configuring and applying limits in a distributed fashion is proposed in rough form in https://github.com/flux-framework/flux-core/issues/4309. Consider creating an RFC for limits that can be referenced from this one and skip those details here.
scheduler policy table is read by the scheduler implementation
and is opaque to the rest of Flux.
access policy table MAY restrict queue access by UNIX user and group.
It MAY contain following OPTIONAL keys:
(list of strings) Specify a list of UNIX user names that are to be granted access.
(list of strings) Specify a list of UNIX group names that are to be granted access.
The absence of
allow-group keys indicates that no queue
access restrictions are in place. However, the access policy MAY be extended
by a jobtap plugin that enforces additional access conditions. For example,
the flux-accounting multi-factor priority plugin controls access to queues
based on the user and bank information from the accounting database.
queues TOML table MAY define one or more named queues. Each queue
SHALL be represented as a sub-table that MAY contain the following OPTIONAL
(table) Specify queue-specific resource constraint(s) in RFC 31 format, that SHALL be added to the jobspec
system.constraintsattribute of all jobs submitted to this queue. If the jobspec already specifies constraints, then the queue-specific constraints SHALL be added with an
(table) Specify policy fragments that apply only to this queue, using the form described in the previous section. If the same policy appears in the top-level
policytable and a queue-specific
policytable, the queue-specific value takes precedence for jobs submitted to that queue.
Initial Assignment of Job to Queue
Job requests MAY specify a queue name at submission time by setting the
queue jobspec system attribute (RFC 14). If a queue was not explicitly
named in the jobspec, and a default queue is defined, the queue SHALL be
assigned by the job manager during the initial request validation,
before the jobtap
job.validate callbacks are run.
A job request SHALL be rejected on submission if it names an unknown queue, or if it is possible to determine that the job would exceed limits or violate access policy of the assigned queue.
A Flux command line tool SHALL provide the ability to enable/disable job submission on each queue individually, or on all queues.
A Flux command line tool SHALL provide the ability to start/stop scheduling
on each queue individually, or on all queues. When scheduling is stopped,
alloc requests to the scheduler SHALL be canceled.
A Flux command line tool SHALL provide the ability to wait for a queue to become empty, or for all queues to become empty.
A Flux command line tool SHALL provide the ability to wait for a queue to become idle, or for all queues to become idle, where idle is defined as containing no jobs in RUN or CLEANUP state.
Job Submission and Listing Tools
Job submission and listing tools SHOULD NOT need to parse the
The service providing data to the job listing tool SHOULD list pending and running jobs in the default queue by default. An option SHALL be provided to request jobs in other queues by name, or all queues.
The job submission tools SHOULD leave the queue unset (thereby selecting the default. An option SHALL be provided to direct jobs to other queues by name.
sched.queue annotation defined in RFC 27 is no longer necessary
since the queue name is represented in the job jobspec as described above.